Sunday, January 20, 2013

The Early History of the Rediscovery

In his paper, Fragments of Diogenes of Oenoanda Discovered and Rediscovered, by Martin Ferguson Smith (American Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 74, No. 1 (Jan., 1970), pp. 51-62) he gives a brief summary of the early years of the rediscovery of the inscriptions. 

"The Epicurean Diogenes was unknown until, between 1884 and 1895, substantial fragments of his great philosophical inscription, carefully carved on blocks of local limestone and dating from about A.D. 200, were discovered by French and Austrian archaeologists in the Lycian city of Oenoanda.

In 1892 G. Cousins published the 64 fragments discovered by him and his French colleagues. However, he failed to provide drawings, measurements, or even detailed descriptions of the stones, and his copying was sometimes inaccurate and incomplete. In 1895 the Austrians R. Heberdey and E. Kalinka, answering an appeal made by H. Usener (who in 1892 had re-edited all but the most fragmentary of the fragments, making many brilliant restorations and valuable comments), re-examined all those edited by Cousin which they could find (there were thirteen which they were unable to find), and discovered twenty-four new fragments. They took measurements of the stones and made a careful scale drawing of each block. As Chilton points out, it is upon the text of Heberdey and Kalinka that subsequent work on the inscription has been chiefly based. This work has been admirable. By far the most valuable contribution has been made by J. William, editor of the first Teubner text published in 1907, who with wonderful skill arranged the fragments in their probable order and made numerous restorations.

His text has been further improved by other scholars, notably R . Philippson, A. Grilli, who has produced an Italian translation and commentary and, more recently, a text of the fragments," and Chilton himself, who has soundly edited the second Teubner text published in 1967".

The Teubner volume of 1907 referred to here is Diogenes Oenoandensis Fragmenta by J. William. It can be found online in its full form here.  

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